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Expansion of commercial forest planting to prevent legal blackout forest blackout – Current perspectives.

What is the forest blackout? At the heart of this questioning is the real logic of investing in hardwood. The forest blackout is simply the inability of current national and global forests to produce quality wood for the world demand for this product. It would be the depletion of our current sources of wood, with a drastic increase in the lack of this very important raw material.

Currently, extractive reserves worldwide are no longer able to produce wood in an adequate and sustainable way for consumption. These numbers are increasingly divergent, and the result of this equation will be a giant deficit in the raw material MADEIRA in the coming years, leading to serious supply problems.

In Brazil the situation is no different. The production of native Amazon wood in private areas continues to fall and if the pace of the last years is maintained, in two decades it should reach 5 million cubic meters, when the national demand should be 21 million cubic meters, in a perspective quite conservative.

A publication prepared by the Brazilian Forest Service (SFB) and the Institute for Environmental Research in the Amazon (IPAM) shows that to expand legal and sustainable production, it will be necessary to provide areas for the management and cultivation of private commercial forests.

According to data from the SFB, it is estimated that the planting of 36 million hectares in a 30-year cycle would be necessary to generate 21 million cubic meters of wood annually for the market. The current production of wood in the country is around 14 million, according to the same study by the SFB (Dec / 2016).

The SFB (agency linked to the Ministry of the Environment) offers a perspective of the demand and supply of wood from native forests to anticipate a problem of scarcity, such as what has happened recently in the energy sector. In the case of forestry, there is a demand that comes from the market and we need to know where the supply of wood will come from so that it comes from legal and sustainable sources.

The market for wood remains heated around the world, driven by the growth of the economy in Asia and infrastructure programs. The production in private extractive areas, however, tends to decrease due to the increase in inspection, difficulty of expansion due to land problems, in addition to public pressure for the conservation of tropical forests, especially the Amazon.

This panorama places private commercial forests as one of the main sources of legal timber in the coming decades, in addition to creating jobs, increasing income and creating businesses, fostering industry and tax collection at all levels. Private commercial forests play a special, even essential, role, as the productive potential of these areas is much greater than extractive reserves.

As a clear example of the statement above, we have that one hectare of Amazonian forest has the potential to generate around 5 to 7 m3 of hardwood, destroying an enormous amount of biodiversity and non-commercial trees. One hectare of African mahogany can generate between 250 and 300 m3 of noble wood, with very little environmental impact and great added value.

The forest production account only closes, therefore, if there is an annual implantation of three million hectares of commercial forests, a fact that has not been occurring and that has not been properly taken care of by the public authorities. Brazil is in danger of becoming a country that imports wood in the next 20 years !!!

The implementation of these areas also plays an important role in sequestering greenhouse gas emissions. According to the SFB yearbook, the allocation of 36 million hectares for forest production would drastically reduce deforestation in the Amazon, with 20% of the world’s annual CO2 emissions being captured. In addition, it would bring the regularization of the rain cycle to the Midwest and Southeast of the country, in addition to reducing the illegal land market.

The sustainability of the commercial forest market is already widely known, which generates actions for the modernization of the industry related to forests and wood, in addition to attracting investors, with the availability of instruments of economic incentives.

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